Does Teachers’ Self-Efficacy buffer the negative relations between Bullying, Victimization and Students’ Self-Esteem? [CANCELLED CONFERENCE]

Aalst, van, D. (Speaker)

    Activity: Talk and presentationAcademic event Academic

    Description

    Background
    Teachers play an important role in identifying, preventing and reducing bullying in schools. However, not all teachers intervene in bullying situations, and one of the key explanatory reasons may be teachers’ self-efficacy (TSE). TSE is the extent to which teachers judge their ability to intervene effectively. Higher TSE is related to a higher likelihood to take action, and influences students’ experiences in the classroom. This study investigated direct and buffering effects of TSE on students’ self-esteem as a result of being a bully or being victimized.
    Method
    This study uses data from three time points within one primary school year of 5th grade Dutch students, and their 58 teachers. We constructed a scale of 6 items (α = .79) of TSE, and a scale of 6 items for students’ self-esteem (α≈.82 for each time point). Self-reported bullying and victimization were answered on a 5point Likert-scale.
    Results
    Being a bully and being victimized both negatively affect students’ self-esteem. There was a small but significant direct effect for TSE on students’ self-esteem. Surprisingly, TSE did not moderate (buffer) the association between self- or peer-reported victimization/bullying and students’ self-esteem.
    Conclusion
    These null-findings regarding TSE for bullies and victims raise questions about other important characteristics and factors that play a role in teachers’ abilities, likelihood, and actual behavior.
    Period22-Jun-202025-Jun-2020
    Event title26th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study
    of Behavioural Development: null
    Event typeConference
    LocationRhodes, Greece
    Degree of RecognitionInternational

    Keywords

    • Teachers
    • Self-Efficacy
    • Bullying
    • Victimization
    • Self-esteem