Data from: Rapid MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry strain typing during a large outbreak of Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli

  • Martin Christner (Creator)
  • Maria Trusch (Creator)
  • Holger Rohde (Creator)
  • Marcel Kwiatkowski Univ Ulm, University of Ulm, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Chem, AGO Univ Med Ctr Hamburg Eppendorf, Univ Hamburg, University of Hamburg, Inst Oceanog (Creator)
  • Hartmut Schlueter (Creator)
  • Manuel Wolters (Creator)
  • Martin Aepfelbacher (Creator)
  • Moritz Hentschke (Creator)



Background: In 2011 northern Germany experienced a large outbreak of Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli O104:H4. The large amount of samples sent to microbiology laboratories for epidemiological assessment highlighted the importance of fast and inexpensive typing procedures. We have therefore evaluated the applicability of a MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry based strategy for outbreak strain identification. Methods: Specific peaks in the outbreak strain’s spectrum were identified by comparative analysis of archived pre-outbreak spectra that had been acquired for routine species-level identification. Proteins underlying these discriminatory peaks were identified by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and validated against publicly available databases. The resulting typing scheme was evaluated against PCR genotyping with 294 E. coli isolates from clinical samples collected during the outbreak. Results: Comparative spectrum analysis revealed two characteristic peaks at m/z 6711 and m/z 10883. The underlying proteins were found to be of low prevalence among genome sequenced E. coli strains. Marker peak detection correctly classified 292 of 293 study isolates, including all 104 outbreak isolates. Conclusions: MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry allowed for reliable outbreak strain identification during a large outbreak of Shiga-Toxigenic E. coli. The applied typing strategy could probably be adapted to other typing tasks and might facilitate epidemiological surveys as part of the routine pathogen identification workflow.
Date made available10-Jul-2014
PublisherUniversity of Groningen
Geographical coverageGermany, Northern Germany

Keywords on Datasets

  • MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry
  • typing
  • outbreak
  • epidemiology
  • Shiga Toxin-producing Escherichia coli
  • Escherichia coli O104:H4
  • biomarker identification
  • biomarker validation
  • biomarker discovery
  • Escherichia coli

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