Fitting transtibial and transfemoral prostheses in persons with a severe flexion contracture: problems and solutions – a systematic review

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In persons with a hip or knee flexion contracture ≥25°, fitting a prosthesis is said to be difficult. This systematic review aims to assess the evidence for fitting of a prosthesis in persons with a severe contracture (≥25°) after a lower limb amputation. PubMed, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, and Orthotics & Prosthetics Virtual Library databases were searched from inception to December 2019, using database specific search terms related to amputation, prosthesis, and contracture. Reference lists of included studies were checked for relevant studies. Quality of the included studies was assessed using the critical appraisal checklist for case reports (Joanna Briggs Institute). In total, 13 case studies provided evidence for fitting of a prosthesis in more than 63 persons with a transtibial amputation and three with a transfemoral amputation, all of whom had a hip or knee flexion contracture ≥25°. Some studies found a reduction in contractures after prosthesis use. Several techniques for fitting a prosthesis in case of a flexion contracture ≥25° were found. Contracture reduction occurred in some cases and was possibly related to prosthesis use. Fitting a transtibial or transfemoral prosthesis in persons with a lower limb amputation with a severe flexion contracture is possible.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThis study provides information on prosthesis prescriptions and adaptations for persons with a transfemoral and transtibial amputation with a flexion contracture ≥25°.The fitting of bent prostheses is not limited by prosthetic components and techniques.Parallel to the use of bent prostheses, it is also important to treat the contracture. This study provides information on prosthesis prescriptions and adaptations for persons with a transfemoral and transtibial amputation with a flexion contracture ≥25°. The fitting of bent prostheses is not limited by prosthetic components and techniques. Parallel to the use of bent prostheses, it is also important to treat the contracture.
Date made available8-Mar-2021
PublisherUniversity of Groningen

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