Groningen Zooarchaeological Collections 2020: Vertebrates and Invertebrates

  • Canan Çakirlar (Creator)
  • Esther E. Scheele (Contributor)
  • Youri Hurk, van den (Creator)
  • Fleur Dijkstra (Contributor)



The dataset includes the complete information on the vertebrate and invertebrate specimens present in the Zooarchaeological Collections of the Groningen Institute of Archaeology, located in Groningen, the Netherlands. The collection dates back to the late 19th century and consists mainly of recent individuals. Special archaeological specimens (for example aurochs) are also present. The collection is open to Dutch and international researchers, students, and commercial users. The dataset is meant as an aid to prepare work and study visits. Short-term loans for exhibition, teaching, and analysis are possible. Currently, the dataset includes 4907 vertebrate and 250 invertebrate specimens and include fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, mammals, and molluscs. The majority of the specimens consist of complete skeletons. Most taxa are endemic to Europe and the Near East. Information in the dataset vary from taxonomic identification (down to species, subspecies, even breed level), age, sex, origin, skeletal parts present. The dataset is in English, with minimal use of abbreviations and phrases in Dutch. Summary information about the collections’ properties (e.g. how many different species, from which countries etc) are provided here: All specimens have a “GIA number”, which must be provided to the collection managers in all correspondence. New data was added September 2020.
Date made available1-Mar-2016
Date of data production30-Oct-2020 -

Keywords on Datasets

  • zooarchaeology
  • Molluscs
  • Mammals
  • Birds
  • GIA
  • Amphibians
  • Reptiles

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