Replication Data for: Biotically driven vegetation mosaics in grazing ecosystems



Data files for the paper:
Howison et al (2017). Biotically driven vegetation mosaics in grazing ecosystems: the battle between bioturbation and biocompaction. Ecol Monogr.
Bifurcation model resulting in figures 2 and 3, designed and written by Johan van de Koppel and Ruth Howison, using R (R Core Team (2015). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL:
Phase planes depicting the bifurcation analysis of simple plant-herbivore models, showing the more classical A) Herbivore-plant quality feedback, and B) Water-infiltration feedback.
Phase planes depicting the bifurcation analysis of plant-herbivore models with bioturbation, showing that the interplay between bioturbation and biocompaction strongly expands the conditions under which heterogeneity can persist in grazing ecosystems, with A) only bioturbation feedback and B) the consequence of combining bioturbation and biocompaction feedbacks.
Analysis by Ruth Howison and Han Olff, using ESRI ArcMap 10.3 for Desktop
Global prediction of the regions where patchiness generated by bioturbation and biocompaction is possible, eliminating for unsuitable conditions, specifically certain soil characteristics and rainfall. Incompatible soils include; permafrost, sand (> 70% sand fraction and < 15% clay fraction), organic soil (histosols or > 20% organic material dry mass), and rainfall < 400 and > 1200 mm/yr and representing limits to forage quantity and quality required to maintain large herbivores.
Data sources used:
1) Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD) version 1.21
2) Rainfall parameters were delineated using the global precipitation surface available from (Hijmans et al. 2005).
Date made available28-Apr-2017
PublisherUniversity of Groningen
Geographical coverageSouth African savanna, Northern European salt-marsh

Keywords on Datasets

  • grazing
  • vegetation mosaics
  • bioturbation
  • biocompaction
  • patch conversion
  • bistable states
  • compaction
  • abiotic stress
  • ecosystem engineering
  • soil amelioration
  • water infiltration
  • nutrient availability

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