Organisation profile

Organisation profile

How, when, and why did distinct populations or species split? What are the evolutionary footprints left in their genomes? What is the role of natural selection in shaping the diversity of natural populations and species? When sexual species hybridize and share genetic material, why don't they eventually collapse into a single species? What are the consequences of the exchanges of genetic material between species, and how often is this process beneficial? These are some of the questions we work on.

We study how natural populations evolve and adapt at the genomic level, with particular interest in the process of adaptation and speciation, through which clusters of individual genotypes become distinct and persist over time. This is the fundamental process that underlies the evolution and diversification of life.

Our research aims to better understand the processes of adaptation and speciation by using both computational approaches based on population genetic theory, and genomic data to test hypotheses on how natural populations evolve.

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. Our work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being
  • SDG 13 - Climate Action
  • SDG 14 - Life Below Water
  • SDG 15 - Life on Land
  • SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals

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Collaborations and top research areas from the last five years

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  • A genotyping array for the globally invasive vector mosquito, Aedes albopictus

    Cosme, L. V., Corley, M., Johnson, T., Severson, D. W., Yan, G., Wang, X., Beebe, N., Maynard, A., Bonizzoni, M., Khorramnejad, A., Martins, A. J., Lima, J. B. P., Munstermann, L. E., Surendran, S. N., Chen, C. H., Maringer, K., Wahid, I., Mukherjee, S., Xu, J., Fontaine, M. C., & 24 othersEstallo, E. L., Stein, M., Livdahl, T., Scaraffia, P. Y., Carter, B. H., Mogi, M., Tuno, N., Mains, J. W., Medley, K. A., Bowles, D. E., Gill, R. J., Eritja, R., González-Obando, R., Trang, H. T. T., Boyer, S., Abunyewa, A. M., Hackett, K., Wu, T., Nguyễn, J., Shen, J., Zhao, H., Crawford, J. E., Armbruster, P. & Caccone, A., 4-Mar-2024, In: Parasites and Vectors. 17, 1, 26 p., 106.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
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  • A comparison of genomic diversity and demographic history of the North Atlantic and Southwest Atlantic southern right whales

    Crossman, C. A., Fontaine, M. C. & Frasier, T. R., 14-Aug-2023, (E-pub ahead of print) In: Molecular Ecology. 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
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    23 Downloads (Pure)
  • Ancient dolphin genomes reveal rapid repeated adaptation to coastal waters

    Louis, M., Korlević, P., Nykänen, M., Archer, F., Berrow, S., Brownlow, A., Lorenzen, E. D., O'Brien, J., Post, K., Racimo, F., Rogan, E., Rosel, P. E., Sinding, M-H. S., van der Es, H., Wales, N., Fontaine, M. C., Gaggiotti, O. E. & Foote, A. D., 18-Jul-2023, In: Nature Communications. 14, 1, 13 p., 4020.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
    File
    51 Downloads (Pure)