ʿArab, ʾAʿrāb, and Arabic in Ancient North Arabia: The first attestation of (ʾ)ʿrb as a group name in Safaitic

Ahmad Al-Jallad*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article presents two new Safaitic inscriptions containing the group name ʾʿrb. Following an edition of the texts, the article discusses the implications of these new attestations on the origin and use of group names derived from the root ʿ-r-b in pre-Islamic times and concludes with a discussion on the name of the Arabic language before the 7th c. CE. The article is followed by an appendix of texts discovered at the same site and related to the ʾʿrb inscriptions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-435
Number of pages14
JournalArabian Archaeology and Epigraphy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

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