αS-Synuclein Oligomers Stabilize Pre-Existing Defects in Supported Bilayers and Propagate Membrane Damage in a Fractal-Like Pattern

Himanshu Chaudhary, Aditya Iyer, Vinod Subramaniam, Mireille M A E Claessens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phospholipid vesicles are commonly used to get insights into the mechanism by which oligomers of amyloidogenic proteins damage membranes. Oligomers of the protein α-synuclein (αS) are thought to create pores in phospholipid vesicles containing a high amount of anionic phospholipids but fail to damage vesicle membranes at low surface charge densities. The current understanding of how αS oligomers damage the membranes is thus incomplete. This incomplete understanding may, in part, result from the choice of model membrane systems. The use of free-standing membranes such as vesicles may interfere with the unraveling of some damage mechanisms because the line tension at the edge of a membrane defect or pore ensures defect closure. Here, we have used supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine/1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-l-serine (POPC/POPS) to study the membrane damage caused by αS oligomers. Although αS oligomers were not able to initiate the disruption of...
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11827-11836
Number of pages10
JournalLangmuir
Volume32
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-Nov-2016
Externally publishedYes

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