18F-FDG PET/MRI for staging and interim response assessment in pediatric and adolescent Hodgkin lymphoma: a prospective study with 18F-FDG PET/CT as reference standard

Martijn Vincent Verhagen, Leon J Menezes, Deena Neriman, Tom A Watson, Shonit Punwani, Stuart A Taylor, Ananth Shankar, Stephen Daw, Paul D Humphries*

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    Rationale: Treatment regimens for pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) depend on accurate staging and treatment response assessment, based on accurate disease distribution and metabolic activity depiction. With the aim of radiation dose reduction, we compared the diagnostic performance of 18F-FDG PET/MR to a 18F-FDG PET/CT reference standard for staging and response assessment. Methods: Twenty-four patients (mean age 15.4 years, range 8-19.5 years) with histologically proven HL were prospectively and consecutively recruited in 2015 and 2016, undergoing both 18F-FDG PET/CT and 18F-FDG PET/MRI at initial staging (N n = 24) and at response assessment (N n = 21). Diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/MRI for both nodal and extra-nodal disease was compared to 18F-FDG PET/CT, which was considered as the reference standard. Discrepancies were retrospectively classified as perceptual or technical errors and 18F-FDG PET/MRI and 18F-FDG PET/CT were corrected by removing perceptual error. Agreement with Ann-Arbor staging and Deauville grading was also assessed. Results: For nodal and extranodal sites combined, corrected staging 18F-FDG PET/MRI sensitivity was 100% (95% confidence interval (CI) 96.7%-100%), specificity 99.5% (95%CI 98.3%-99.9%). Corrected response assessment 18F-FDG PET/MRI sensitivity was 83.3% (95%CI 36.5%-99.1%), specificity 100% (95%CI 99.2%-100%). Modified Ann-Arbor staging agreement between F18-FDG PET/CT and 18F-FDG PET/MRI was perfect (k = 1.0, P = 0.000). Deauville grading agreement between 18F-FDG PET/MRI and 18F-FDG PET/CT was excellent (k = 0.835, P = 0.000). Conclusion:18F-FDG PET/MRI is a promising alternative to 18F-FDG PET/CT for staging and response assessment in children with Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19-Feb-2021

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