2MASS J06164006-6407194: The First Outer Halo L Subdwarf

Michael C. Cushing, Dagny Looper, Adam J. Burgasser, J. Davy Kirkpatrick, Jacqueline Faherty, Kelle L. Cruz, Anne Sweet, Robyn E. Sanderson

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We present the serendipitous discovery of an L subdwarf in the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) J06164006-6407194, in a search of the 2MASS for T dwarfs. Its spectrum exhibits features indicative of both a cool and metal poor atmosphere including a heavily pressure-broadened K I resonant doublet, Cs I and Rb I lines, molecular bands of CaH, TiO, CrH, FeH, and H2O, and enhanced collision induced absorption of H2. We assign 2MASS J0616-6407 a spectral type of sdL5 based on a comparison of its red optical spectrum to that of near solar-metallicity L dwarfs. Its high proper motion (μ = 1farcs405 ± 0.008 yr-1), large radial velocity (V rad = 454 ± 15 km s-1), estimated u, v, w velocities (94, -573, 125) km s-1 and Galactic orbit with an apogalacticon at ~29 kpc are indicative of membership in the outer halo making 2MASS J0616-6407 the first ultracool member of this population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)986-993
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1-May-2009


  • infrared: stars
  • stars: individual: 2MASS J0164006-6407194
  • stars: low-mass
  • brown dwarfs
  • subdwarfs

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