3D BAROLO: a new 3D algorithm to derive rotation curves of galaxies

E. M. Di Teodoro, F. Fraternali

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We present ^{3{D}}BAROLO,† a new code that derives rotation curves of galaxies from emission-line observations. This software fits 3D tilted-ring models to spectroscopic data cubes and can be used with a variety of observations: from H I and molecular lines to optical/IR recombination lines. We describe the structure of the main algorithm and show that it performs much better than the standard 2D approach on velocity fields. A number of successful applications, from high to very low spatial resolution data are presented and discussed. ^{3D}BAROLO can recover the true rotation curve and estimate the intrinsic velocity dispersion even in barely resolved galaxies (˜2 resolution elements) provided that the signal to noise of the data is larger than 2-3. It can also be run automatically thanks to its source-detection and first-estimate modules, which make it suitable for the analysis of large 3D data sets. These features make ^{3D}BAROLO a uniquely useful tool to derive reliable kinematics for both local and high-redshift galaxies from a variety of different instruments including the new generation Integral Field Units, ALMA and the SKA pathfinders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3021-3033
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2015


  • methods: data analysis
  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics

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