A 32-month evaluation of lithium disilicate cantilever resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses to replace a missing maxillary incisor

Joyce A. Jonker, Gil Tirlet, Alex Dagba, Solène Marniquet, Marinus Ouwerkerk, Marco S. Cune, Marco M.M. Gresnigt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Statement of problem: The absence of a tooth in the esthetic zone can cause emotional and social distress. The use of minimally invasive and visually pleasing lithium disilicate resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) may be a suitable option for replacing a missing maxillary incisor. However, the available literature on lithium disilicate cantilever RBFDPs is limited. Purpose: This retrospective multicenter study assessed the survival and success rates of lithium disilicate anterior cantilever RBFDPs with an average follow-up period of 3 years up to 9 years. Material and methods: RBFDPs delivered by 3 operators were clinically assessed for survival using a modified United States Public Health Service criteria list. The incidence density was determined for each criterion and operator. The standard error and 95% confidence interval were calculated for each incidence density difference (α=.05 for all analyses). Results: A total of 108 RBFDPs were evaluated after a mean period of 32.45 months, ranging from 14 days to 111 months. None of the restorations exhibited failure, carious lesions, or fractures during the follow-up period. The primary reasons for reduced success rates were inflammation of the surrounding soft tissues and discoloration, with incidence densities of 0.074 and 0.057 per year, respectively. Significant differences were observed among RBFDPs from different operators for criteria that included adaptation, color match, marginal adaptation, polishability, surface staining, gingival health, and antagonist wear. Conclusions: Cantilever lithium disilicate RBFDPs appear to be suitable for short-term restoration. RBFDPs exhibited visible changes after short-term follow-up. However, these changes did not result in failure.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15-Sept-2023

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