Purpose: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has positive effects on exercise capacity in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). However, not all COPD patients benefit from PR to the same extent. We investigated whether there is a patient profile, which is associated with the improvement in endurance exercise capacity.
Methods: In this observational study, we included 102 COPD patients who followed PR (age 60 +/- 10 (mean +/- SD) years, FEV1%predicted 44 +/- 16%, 54 men). Lung function, maximal incremental cycle testing (Wpeak, VO(2)peak, Delta lactate), quadriceps force and incremental and endurance shuttle walk test (ISWT/ESWT) were performed at the start of PR. The ESWT was repeated after 7 weeks of PR.
Results: Mean change in ESWT (Delta ESWT) was 100 +/- 154%. Four variables showed a statistically significant negative correlation with Delta ESWT: FEV1%pred. (rho = -0.20), Wpeak (rho = -0.24), Delta lactate (rho = 0.33) and incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) (rho = 0.31). A cluster analysis identified two patient profiles: A profile with high Delta ESWT, TLC and RV and low FEV1, VO(2)peak, quadriceps force, Delta lactate, HRpeak%Pred. and ISWT distance and a profile with low Delta ESWT, TLC and RV and high FEV1, VO(2)peak, quadriceps force, Delta lactate, HRpeak%pred. and ISWT distance.
Conclusions: Single variables from lung function or exercise testing at baseline have limited predictive value for response to exercise training.
However, patients with worse disease status (i.e. a combination of lower FEV1, more hyperinflation, lower exercise capacity and worse quadriceps force) improve more in endurance exercise capacity. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Exercise capacity
- Shuttle walk test
- SHUTTLE WALKING TEST