Purpose: To provide more insight into late treatment-related toxicities among breast cancer (BC) survivors by comparing morbidities and risk factors between BC survivors and age-matched controls. Materials and methods: All female participants diagnosed with BC before inclusion in Lifelines, a population-based cohort in the Netherlands, were selected and matched 1:4 to female controls without any oncological history on birth year. Baseline was defined as the age at BC diagnosis. Outcomes were obtained from questionnaires and functional analyses performed at entry to Lifelines (follow-up 1; FU1) and several years later (FU2). Cardiovascular and pulmonary events were defined as morbidities that were absent at baseline but present at FU1 or FU2. Results: The study consisted of 1,325 BC survivors and 5,300 controls. The median period from baseline (i.e., BC treatment) to FU1 and FU2 was 7 and 10 years, respectively. Among BC survivors more events of heart failure (OR: 1.72 [1.10–2.68]) and less events of hypertension (OR: 0.79 [0.66–0.94]) were observed. At FU2, more electrocardiographic abnormalities were found among BC survivors compared to controls (4.1% vs. 2.7%, respectively; p = 0.027) and Framingham scores for the 10-year risk of coronary heart disease were lower (difference: 0.37%; 95% CI [-0.70 to -0.03%]). At FU2, BC survivors had more frequently a forced vital capacity below the lower limit of normal than controls (5.4% vs. 2.9%, respectively; p = 0.040). Conclusion: BC survivors are at risk of late treatment-related toxicities despite a more favourable cardiovascular risk profile compared to age-matched female controls.
- Age-matched control group
- Late treatment-related toxicity
- Modifiable risk factors