A comparison of measures of disproportionality for signal detection in spontaneous reporting systems for adverse drug reactions

Eugène P van Puijenbroek*, Andrew Bate, Hubert G M Leufkens, Marie Lindquist, Roland Orre, Antoine C G Egberts

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    590 Citations (Scopus)


    PURPOSE: A continuous systematic review of all combinations of drugs and suspected adverse reactions (ADRs) reported to a spontaneous reporting system, is necessary to optimize signal detection. To focus attention of human reviewers, quantitative procedures can be used to sift data in different ways. In various centres, different measures are used to quantify the extent to which an ADR is reported disproportionally to a certain drug compared to the generality of the database. The objective of this study is to examine the level of concordance of the various estimates to the measure used by the WHO Collaborating Centre for International ADR monitoring, the information component (IC), when applied to the dataset of the Netherlands Pharmacovigilance Foundation Lareb.

    METHODS: The Reporting Odds Ratio--1.96 standard errors (SE), proportional reporting ratio--1.96 SE, Yule's Q--1.96 SE, the Poisson probability and Chi-square test of all 17,330 combinations were compared with the IC minus 2 standard deviations. Additionally, the concordance of the various tests, in respect to the number of reports per combination, was examined.

    RESULTS: In general, sensitivity was high in respect to the reference measure when a combination of point- and precision estimate was used. The concordance increased dramatically when the number of reports per combination increased.

    CONCLUSION: This study shows that the different measures used are broadly comparable when four or more cases per combination have been collected.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-10
    Number of pages8
    JournalPharmcoepidemiology and Drug Safety
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 10-May-2002


    • Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems
    • Algorithms
    • Humans
    • Odds Ratio
    • Sensitivity and Specificity

    Cite this