Various mutations were introduced in a conserved helicase domain (motif VI) of the AddA subunit of the Bacillus subtilis ATP-dependent nuclease (AddAB) by site-directed mutagenesis. These mutations affected the helicase activity and the ATP-dependent exonuclease activity on double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) as the substrate to various degrees, but had hardly any effect on the exonuclease activity on single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), suggesting that exonuclease activity on dsDNA of the enzyme requires unwinding of the DNA. This idea was supported by the finding that, initially, the rate and extent of unwinding of the DNA were higher than those of its degradation to acid-soluble products by the exonucleolytic activity. The effects of the mutations on DNA repair and recombination correlated strongly with their effects on helicase activity. Taken together, these results suggest that motif VI is essential for the helicase activity, and that this activity is required for DNA repair and recombination.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - Jan-1997|
- COMPLETE NUCLEOTIDE-SEQUENCE
- ESCHERICHIA-COLI K-12
- HOMOLOGOUS RECOMBINATION