A creep rupture model accounting for cavitation at sliding grain boundaries

Erik van der Giessen, Viggo Tvergaard

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Abstract

An axisymmetric cell model analysis is used to study creep failure by grain boundary cavitation at facets normal to the maximum principal tensile stress, taking into account the influence of cavitation and sliding at adjacent inclined grain boundaries. It is found that the interaction between the failure processes on these two types of adjacent facets reduces the failure time significantly when cavitation is creep constrained. In all cases the time to cavity coalescence on transverse facets appears to be a useful lower bound measure of the material life-time. Sliding at the boundaries of the central grain of the cell model is accurately represented; but in some computations a stress enhancement factor is used to incorporate also the effect of sliding between surrounding grains. The influence of grain boundary viscosity is included in the model and it is found that even in the absence of sliding, cavitation on inclined boundaries may significantly reduce the failure time.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Fracture
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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