A Cross-Linguistic Study on the Production of Multimodal Referring Expressions in Dialogue

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    This paper presents a cross-linguistic data
    elicitation study on fully realised referring expressions
    (REs) in a dialogue context. A webbased
    experiment was set up in which participants
    were asked to choose REs to be uttered
    by one of two agents for identifying five targets
    in a scripted dialogue. Participants were
    told that the agent would point at the referents
    while uttering their chosen linguistic descriptions.
    The study was conducted in English,
    Japanese, Portuguese and Dutch and yielded
    a total of 1190 referring expressions. Our
    hypotheses concern sets of objects that need
    to be considered for identification depending
    on the effect of the pointing gesture. Results
    show interesting and significant differences
    between the language groups.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 13th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG11)
    Place of PublicationNancy
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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