A fast and simple method for the simultaneous analysis of midazolam, 1-hydroxymidazolam, 4-hydroxymidazolam and 1-hydroxymidazolam glucuronide in human serum, plasma and urine

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Abstract

For the quantification of the sedative and anesthetic drug midazolam and its main (active) metabolites 1-hydroxymidazolam, 4-hydroxymidazolam and 1-hydroxymidazolam glucuronide in human serum, human EDTA plasma, human heparin plasma and human urine a single accurate method by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) has been developed. Protein precipitation as sample preparation, without the need of a time-consuming deglucuronidation step for the quantification of 1-hydroxymidazolam glucuronide, resulted in a simple and rapid assay suitable for clinical practice with a total runtime of only 1.1 min. The four components and the isotope-labeled internal standards were separated on a C18 column and detection was performed with a triple-stage quadrupole mass spectrometer operating in positive ionization mode. The method was validated based on the "Guidance for Industry Bioanalytical Method Validation" (Food and Drug Administration, FDA) and the "Guideline on bioanalytical method validation" of the European Medicines Agency (EMA). Linearity was proven over the ranges of 5-1500 μg/L for midazolam, 1-hydroxymidazolam and 4-hydroxymidazolam and 25-5000 μg/L for 1-hydroxymidazolam glucuronide, using a sample volume of 100 μL. Matrix comparison indicated that the assay is also applicable to other human matrices like EDTA and heparin plasma and urine. Stability experiments showed good results for the stability of midazolam, 1-hydroxymidazolam and 1-hydroxymidazolam glucuronide in serum, EDTA and heparin plasma and urine stored for 7 days under different conditions. At room temperature, 4-hydroxymidazo-lam is stable for 7 days in EDTA plasma, but stable for only 3 days in serum and heparin plasma and less than 24 h in urine. All four compounds were found to be stable in serum, EDTA plasma, heparin plasma and urine for 7 days after sample preparation and for 3 freeze-thaw cycles. The assay has been applied in therapeutic drug monitoring of midazolam for (pediatric) intensive care patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122476
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume1162
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3-Dec-2020

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