A framework to integrate artificial intelligence training into radiology residency programs: preparing the future radiologist

Marjorie van Kooten*, C O Tan, E I S Hofmeijer, Peter van Ooijen, Walter Noordzij, Marjolein Lamers, Thomas Kwee, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Derya Yakar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)


OBJECTIVES: To present a framework to develop and implement a fast-track artificial intelligence (AI) curriculum into an existing radiology residency program, with the potential to prepare a new generation of AI conscious radiologists.

METHODS: The AI-curriculum framework comprises five sequential steps: (1) forming a team of AI experts, (2) assessing the residents' knowledge level and needs, (3) defining learning objectives, (4) matching these objectives with effective teaching strategies, and finally (5) implementing and evaluating the pilot. Following these steps, a multidisciplinary team of AI engineers, radiologists, and radiology residents designed a 3-day program, including didactic lectures, hands-on laboratory sessions, and group discussions with experts to enhance AI understanding. Pre- and post-curriculum surveys were conducted to assess participants' expectations and progress and were analyzed using a Wilcoxon rank-sum test.

RESULTS: There was 100% response rate to the pre- and post-curriculum survey (17 and 12 respondents, respectively). Participants' confidence in their knowledge and understanding of AI in radiology significantly increased after completing the program (pre-curriculum means 3.25 ± 1.48 (SD), post-curriculum means 6.5 ± 0.90 (SD), p-value = 0.002). A total of 75% confirmed that the course addressed topics that were applicable to their work in radiology. Lectures on the fundamentals of AI and group discussions with experts were deemed most useful.

CONCLUSION: Designing an AI curriculum for radiology residents and implementing it into a radiology residency program is feasible using the framework presented. The 3-day AI curriculum effectively increased participants' perception of knowledge and skills about AI in radiology and can serve as a starting point for further customization.

CRITICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: The framework provides guidance for developing and implementing an AI curriculum in radiology residency programs, educating residents on the application of AI in radiology and ultimately contributing to future high-quality, safe, and effective patient care.

KEY POINTS: • AI education is necessary to prepare a new generation of AI-conscious radiologists. • The AI curriculum increased participants' perception of AI knowledge and skills in radiology. • This five-step framework can assist integrating AI education into radiology residency programs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
Number of pages14
JournalInsights into Imaging
Issue number1
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17-Jan-2024


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