BACKGROUND & AIMS: UNC45A is a myosin (co-)chaperone, and mutations in the UNC45A gene were recently identified in osteo-oto-hepato-enteric (O2HE) syndrome patients presenting with congenital diarrhea and intrahepatic cholestasis. Congenital diarrhea and intrahepatic cholestasis are also the prime symptoms in patients with microvillus inclusion disease (MVID) and mutations in MYO5B, encoding the recycling endosome-associated myosin Vb. The aim of this study was to determine whether UNC45A and myosin Vb are functionally linked.
METHODS: CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing and site-directed mutagenesis were performed with intestinal epithelial and hepatocellular cell lines, followed by Western blotting, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and scanning electron and/or confocal fluorescence microscopy to determine the relationship between (mutants of) UNC45A and myosin Vb.
RESULTS: UNC45A depletion in intestinal and hepatic cells reduced myosin Vb protein expression, and in intestinal epithelial cells, it affected 2 myosin Vb-dependent processes that underlie MVID pathogenesis: rat sarcoma-associated binding protein (RAB)11A-positve recycling endosome positioning and microvilli development. Reintroduction of UNC45A in UNC45A-depleted cells restored myosin Vb expression, and reintroduction of UNC45A or myosin Vb, but not the O2HE patient UNC45A-c.1268T>A variant, restored recycling endosome positioning and microvilli development. The O2HE patient-associated p.V423D substitution, encoded by the UNC45A-c.1268T>A variant, impaired UNC45A protein stability but as such not the ability of UNC45A to promote myosin Vb expression and microvilli development.
CONCLUSIONS: A functional relationship exists between UNC45A and myosin Vb, thereby connecting 2 rare congenital diseases with overlapping enteropathy at the molecular level. Protein instability rather than functional impairment underlies the pathogenicity of the O2HE syndrome-associated UNC45A-p.V423D mutation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Cellular and molecular gastroenterology and hepatology|
|Early online date||2022|
|Publication status||Published - 1-Jan-2022|