A GBT Survey of the HALOGAS Galaxies and Their Environments. I. Revealing the Full Extent of HI around NGC 891, NGC 925, NGC 4414, and NGC 4565

N. M. Pingel*, D. J. Pisano, G. Heald, T. H. Jarrett, W. J. G. de Blok, G. I. G. Jozsa, E. Juette, R. J. Rand, T. Oosterloo, B. Winkel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present initial results from a deep neutral hydrogen (H I) survey of the HALOGAS galaxy sample, which includes the spiral galaxies NGC 891, NGC 925, NGC 4414, and NGC 4565, performed with the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT). The resulting observations cover at least 4 deg(2) around these galaxies, with an average 5s detection limit of 1.2 x 10(18) cm(-2) over a velocity range of 20 km s(-1) and angular scale of 9 1. In addition to detecting the same total flux as the GBT data, the spatial distribution of the GBT and original Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope data match well at equal spatial resolutions. The H I mass fraction below H I column densities of 10(19) cm(-2) is, on average, 2%. We discuss the possible origins of low column density H I of nearby spiral galaxies. The absence of a considerable amount of newly detected H I by the GBT indicates these galaxies do not have significant extended diffuse H I structures, and suggests future surveys planned with the SKA and its precursors must go at least as deep as 10(17) cm(-2) in column density to significantly increase the probability of detecting H I associated with the cosmic web and/or cold mode accretion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number36
Number of pages27
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume865
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20-Sep-2018

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: individual (NGC 891, NGC 925, NGC 4414, NGC 4565)
  • NEUTRAL HYDROGEN OBSERVATIONS
  • STAR-FORMATION HISTORY
  • HIGH-VELOCITY CLOUDS
  • GAS ACCRETION
  • SPIRAL GALAXIES
  • EXTRAPLANAR GAS
  • SHARP EDGES
  • LOCAL GROUP
  • M31
  • NGC-891

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