## Abstract

The Krein-von Neumann and the Friedrichs extensions of a nonnegative linear operator or relation (i.e., a multivalued operator) are characterized in terms of factorizations. These factorizations lead to a novel approach to the transversality and equality of the Krein-von Neumann and the Friedrichs extensions and to the notion of positive closability (the Krein-von Neumann extension being an operator). Furthermore, all extremal extensions of the nonnegative operator or relation are characterized in terms of analogous factorizations. This approach for the general case of nonnegative linear relations in a Hilbert space extends the applicability of such factorizations. In fact, the extension theory of densely and nondensely defined nonnegative relations or operators fits in the same framework. In particular, all extremal extensions of a bounded nonnegative operator are characterized.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 351-386 |

Number of pages | 36 |

Journal | Journal of operator theory |

Volume | 58 |

Issue number | 2 |

Publication status | Published - 2007 |

## Keywords

- nonnegative relation
- Friedrichs extension
- Krein-von Neumann extension
- disjointness
- transversality
- positive closability
- extremal extension
- SELF-ADJOINT RELATIONS
- EXTREMAL EXTENSIONS
- PRODUCTS