International trade policy in general and free trade agreements (FTAs) more specifically are under increasing pressure in Western countries. When negotiating FTAs, the European Union (EU) has the choice between an approach exclusively centred on the common commercial policy (CCP), where the EU is exclusively competent, and a broader one leading to so-called “mixed agreements,” where both the EU and the member states are parties to the treaty. Inclusion of labour-related sustainability issues in the CCP seems to be possible after the opinion of the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) in the EU–Singapore Free Trade Agreement case of 2017. The EU legal order is an autonomous one in which institutions have prerogatives that may be protected by the CJEU. After the conclusion of Japan–EU Free Trade Agreement a joint statement by ETUC and JTUC-Rengo on July 9, 2018, critically assessed the lack of “effective labour enforcement provisions” in the FTA.
|Title of host publication||Law and Diplomacy in the Management of EU-Asia Trade and Investment Relations|
|Subtitle of host publication||UACES Contemporary European Studies|
|Editors||Chien-Huei Wu, Frank Gaenssmantel|
|Place of Publication||London and New York|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - Jan-2020|