A low H I column density filament in NGC 2403: signature of interaction or accretion

W. J. G. de Blok, K. M. Keating, D. J. Pisano, F. Fraternali, F. Walter, T. Oosterloo, E. Brinks, F. Bigiel, A. Leroy

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Observed H i accretion around nearby galaxies can only account for a fraction of the gas supply needed to sustain the currently observed star formation rates. It is possible that additional accretion occurs in the form of low column density cold flows, as predicted by numerical simulations of galaxy formation. To constrain the presence and properties of such flows, we present deep H i observations obtained with the NRAO Green Bank Telescope of an area measuring 4° × 4° around NGC 2403. These observations, with a 5σ detection limit of 2.4 × 1018 cm-2 over a 20 km s-1 linewidth, reveal a low column density, extended cloud outside the main H i disk, about 17' (~ 16 kpc or ~ 2 R25) to the NW of the center of the galaxy. The total H i mass of the cloud is 6.3 × 106 M⊙, or 0.15 percent of the total H i mass of NGC 2403. The cloud is associated with an 8 kpc anomalous-velocity H i filament in the inner disk, that was previously observed in deep VLA observations. We discuss several scenarios for the origin of the cloud, and conclude that it is either accreting from the intergalactic medium, or is the result of a minor interaction with a neigboring dwarf galaxy. The reduced datacubes (FITS files) are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/569/A68
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA68
Number of pages11
JournalAstronomy and astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2014


  • galaxies: ISM
  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • galaxies: halos
  • galaxies: individual: NGC 2403
  • galaxies: structure

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