A more efficient synthesis and properties of saturated and unsaturated starch esters

Laura Boetje, Xiaohong Lan, Fitrilia Silvianti, Jur van Dijken, Michael Polhuis, Katja Loos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

This work presents a series of starch esters synthesized via 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]-dec-5-ene (TBD) catalyzed transesterifications in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The reaction was performed with saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (8, 11, and 18 carbon atoms). The degree of substitution (DS) was raised by purging the reaction flask with nitrogen instead of simply performing the reaction under a nitrogen atmosphere. The increase of DS was most obvious for long-chain fatty acids, as an almost complete DS was observed for starch stearate (2.8) and starch oleate (2.7). The products were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and X-ray diffraction. Starch esters from unsaturated fatty acids have a lower Tg than their saturated analogues. Moreover, contact angle and moisture uptake measurements showed increased hydrophobicity for all starch esters in comparison to pristine starch. Our results show a more efficient method for synthesizing a biobased material that steers into the direction of a material that could replace conventional plastics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119649
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-Sep-2022

Keywords

  • Fatty acid starch ester
  • Hydrophobicity
  • Methyl 10-undcenoate (PubChem CID: 8138)
  • Methyl linoleate (PubChem CID: 5284421)
  • Methyl octanoate (PubChem CID: 8091)
  • Methyl oleate (PubChem CID: 5364509)
  • Methyl stearate (PubChem CID: 8201)
  • Methyl trans-2-octenoate (PubChem CID: 5364532)
  • Methyl undecanoate (PubChem CID: 15607)
  • Side-chain crystallinity
  • Thermal properties
  • Transesterification
  • Unsaturated fatty acid

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