A New Procedure-Based Assessment of Operative Skills in Gastric Bypass Surgery, Evaluated by Video Fragment Rating

Expert panel of Dutch and Belgian Bariatric Surgeons, Mirjam A Kaijser*, Gabrielle H van Ramshorst, Bart A van Wagensveld, Nic J G M Veeger, Jean-Pierre E N Pierie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Feedback on technical and procedural skills is essential during the training of residents and fellows. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of a newly created instrument for the assessment of operative skills using laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) video fragments.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A new procedure-based assessment (PBA) was created by combining LRYGB key steps with a 5-point independence scale. LRYGB performed by residents and surgeons with different levels of expertise were video recorded. Fragments of the pouch creation, gastro-jejunostomy and jejunojejunostomy, were review by 12 expert bariatric surgeons and the operative skills assessed with the PBA, Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill (OSATS), and the Bariatric OSATS (BOSATS). The PBA was compared to the OSATS and BOSATS. Mean scores for all items of the different assessments were summarized and compared using a T-test.

RESULTS: The scores of the procedural steps were combined and compared for all levels. The mean scores for beginner, intermediate, and expert level were 2.71, 3.70, and 3.90 for the PBA; for the OSATS 1.84, 2.86, and 3.44; and for the BOSATS 2.78, 3.56, and 4.19. Each of these assessments differentiated between the three skill levels (all p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: The PBA discriminates well between different levels of operative skills. Similar patterns were found for the OSATS and BOSATS, showing that the randomly selected video fragments are representative samples for assessing skill level. Future research will demonstrate whether these results can be extrapolated to clinical training, and which scores allow for procedure certification.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalObesity Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24-Feb-2024

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