A new way to improve physicochemical properties of potato starch

Yassaroh Yassaroh, Albert J. J. Woortman, Katja Loos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
474 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Starch is an important class of macromolecules for human nutrition. However, its rapid digestibility leads to a high amount of glucose released into the blood and contributes to a high risk of obesity and type II diabetes. For these reasons, Heat-moisture treatment (HMT) of the starch was applied prior to complexation with linoleic acid to obtain a desired physicochemical properties while preserving its granular structure. The thermal properties, analyzed by DSC, implied that the HMT enhanced the formation of amylose-linoleic acid complexes, particularly when the complexation was succeeded at 70 degrees C. The viscosity behavior studied by RVA demonstrated a higher pasting temperature and lower peak viscosity due to less swelling. The granule-like structure remained after complexation at 70 degrees C for 30 min and followed by RVA to 85 degrees C. The combination of the HMT and linoleic acid addition improved the stability of the starch granules towards heating and shearing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume204
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-Jan-2019

Keywords

  • Heat-moisture treatment
  • Amylose inclusion complexes
  • Linoleic acid
  • Thermal transition
  • Viscosity behavior
  • Potato starch granular structure
  • HEAT-MOISTURE TREATMENT
  • IN-VITRO DIGESTIBILITY
  • SIZE-EXCLUSION CHROMATOGRAPHY
  • INCLUSION COMPLEX-FORMATION
  • GLYCOGEN BRANCHING ENZYME
  • FATTY-ACIDS
  • WHEAT-STARCH
  • RICE STARCH
  • DEINOCOCCUS-GEOTHERMALIS
  • FUNCTIONAL-PROPERTIES

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