A Pilot Study on the Prevalence of Micronutrient Imbalances in a Dutch General Population Cohort and the Effects of a Digital Lifestyle Program

Jose Castela Forte*, Rahul Gannamani, Pytrik Folkertsma, Saro Kanthappu, Sipko van Dam, Bruce H. R. Wolffenbuttel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Maintaining an adequate micronutrient status can be achieved by following a complete, diverse diet. Yet, food trends in Western countries show suboptimal consumption of healthy nutrients. In this study, we explored the prevalence of vitamin and mineral imbalances in a general population cohort of Dutch adults and evaluated the effect of a digital lifestyle program on the nutritional status and nutrition health behaviors of these individuals. A micronutrient panel was measured in 348 participants, alongside a dietary assessment. One hundred users subsequently underwent a remeasurement. We identified at least one nutritional imbalance in 301 individuals (86.5%). A total of 80% improved and normalized B6, 67% improved folate, 70% improved B12, and 86% improved vitamin D. Iron abnormalities were corrected in 75% of the participants. In conclusion, this study found that micronutrient deficiencies of easily obtainable vitamins through diet or supplementation such as B vitamins and vitamin D were more prevalent than expected in a Dutch population. This can partly be explained by insufficient consumption of food groups rich in B vitamins. Our preliminary results in those remeasured after a digitally enabled lifestyle intervention show these imbalances can be corrected with adequate behavioral support complemented with supplementation where needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1426
Number of pages15
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2022

Keywords

  • vitamins
  • micronutrients
  • deficiencies
  • screening
  • general population
  • lifestyle
  • prevention
  • HEMOCHROMATOSIS
  • VITAMIN-B-6
  • SUPPLEMENTS
  • DEFICIENCY
  • NUTRITION
  • DISEASE
  • ACID

Cite this