A review of eating disorders in males

Anu Raevuori*, Anna Keski-Rahkonen, Hans W. Hoek

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    103 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose of review

    Research in eating disorders in males has been active lately compared to the past. This review aims to provide an overview of the recently published studies of eating disorders in males.

    Recent findings

    Publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition has outlined more sex-neutral diagnostic criteria for eating disorders. Data of socioeconomic factors, prenatal influences, clinical characteristics, assessment, and mortality for eating disorders have been reported independently for males. Unlike in females, higher parental education showed no association with eating disorders in males, but twin or triplet status and lower gestational age at birth had an independent association with anorexia nervosa in males. Contrary to earlier suggestions, no differences in eating disorder symptoms such as binging, vomiting, or laxative abuse were observed between the sexes. Yet, males tended to score lower on eating disorder symptom measures than females. High rates of premorbid overweight and higher BMIs at various stages of eating disorders have been confirmed repeatedly. Higher age and lower BMI at admission, and restrictive anorexia nervosa subtype predicted fatal outcome for anorexia nervosa in males.

    Summary

    Contemporary research provides grounds for improved recognition, diagnosis, and treatment for males suffering from eating disorders.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)426-430
    Number of pages5
    JournalCurrent opinion in psychiatry
    Volume27
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov-2014

    Keywords

    • anorexia nervosa
    • binge eating disorder
    • bulimia nervosa
    • eating disorders
    • male
    • men
    • ANOREXIA-NERVOSA
    • ADOLESCENT BOYS
    • BODY DISSATISFACTION
    • FEMALE ADOLESCENTS
    • DSM-IV
    • PREVALENCE
    • MEN
    • POPULATION
    • COMMUNITY
    • WEIGHT

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