A review of enabling factors in support intervention programmes for early school leavers: What are the implications for Sub-Saharan Africa?

Cuthbert Tukundane*, Alexander Minnaert, Jacobus Zeelen, Peter Kanyandago

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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One of the major problems facing education systems in Sub-Saharan Africa is the phenomenon of young people who leave school before completion. Research has shown that this phenomenon disadvantages young people and exposes them to various forms of social exclusion. Accordingly, there have been increasing calls for the scaling up of support intervention programmes for young people who leave school early. This paper analyses literature on support intervention programmes for early school leavers (ESLs) to identify enabling factors that can be promoted in future or in current less effective interventions. The review revealed that programmes that address the multiple disadvantages and needs of young people through flexible, holistic and intensive support approaches tend to be more attractive and beneficial to the participants. The findings from this review are crucial to policy makers and teachers working in support intervention programmes for ESLs. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-62
Number of pages9
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Publication statusPublished - May-2015


  • Support intervention programmes
  • Early school leavers
  • School dropouts
  • Enabling factors
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

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