30 Citations (Scopus)


Several kinds of systematic studies have been conducted verifying the putative association between beta-blockers and depressive symptoms. However, many of these studies had important limitations in their design. In most of the studies, no effect of beta-blockers on depressive symptoms was seen. Because individual susceptibility cannot be ruled out, clinicians must stay vigilant, especially with patients who have a positive personal or family history and who have been prescribed lipophilic beta-blockers. However, fear for depression should not be the reason for reluctance in prescribing beta-blockers to cardiovascular patients
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-99
Number of pages11
JournalHeart failure clinics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2011


  • beta-Blockers
  • Depression
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Heart failure
  • Review

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