A screening strategy for the discovery of drugs that reduce C/EBP beta-LIP translation with potential calorie restriction mimetic properties

Mohamad A. Zaini, Christine Müller, Tobias Ackermann, Jeanette Reinshagen, Gertrud Kortman, Ole Pless, Cornelis F. Calkhoven*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    An important part of the beneficial effects of calorie restriction (CR) on healthspan and lifespan is mediated through regulation of protein synthesis that is under control of the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). As one of its activities, mTORC1 stimulates translation into the metabolic transcription factor CCAAT/Enhancer Binding Protein beta (C/EBP beta) isoform Liver-specific Inhibitory Protein (LIP). Regulation of LIP expression strictly depends on a translation re-initiation event that requires a conserved cis-regulatory upstream open reading frame (uORF) in the C/EBP beta-mRNA. We showed before that suppression of LIP in mice, reflecting reduced mTORC1-signaling at the C/EBP beta level, results in CR-type of metabolic improvements. Hence, we aim to find possibilities to pharmacologically down-regulate LIP in order to induce CR-mimetic effects. We engineered a luciferasebased cellular reporter system that acts as a surrogate for C/EBP beta-mRNA translation, emulating uORF-dependent C/EBP beta-LIP expression under different translational conditions. By using the reporter system in a high-throughput screening (HTS) strategy we identified drugs that reduce LIP. The drug Adefovir Dipivoxil passed all counter assays and increases fatty acid beta-oxidation in a hepatoma cell line in a LIP-dependent manner. Therefore, these drugs that suppress translation into LIP potentially exhibit CR-mimetic properties.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number42603
    Number of pages12
    JournalScientific Reports
    Volume7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15-Feb-2017

    Keywords

    • IMPROVES METABOLIC HEALTH
    • CONTROL REPORTER SYSTEM
    • MAMMALIAN LIFE-SPAN
    • MTOR INHIBITORS
    • RE-INITIATION
    • MESSENGER-RNA
    • CANCER
    • PROTEIN
    • MICE
    • EXPRESSION

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