A snapshot of exhaled nitric oxide and asthma characteristics: experience from high to low income countries

Patrizia Pignatti*, Dina Visca, Stelios Loukides, Anne -Grete Martson, Jan-Willem C. Alffenaar, Giovanni Battista Migliori, Antonio Spanevello

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)
    5 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Nitric oxide is a gas produced in the airways of asthmatic subjects and related to T2 inflammation. It can be measured as fractional nitric oxide (FeNO) in the exhaled air and used as a non-invasive, easy to evaluate, rapid marker. It is now widely used in many settings to determine airway inflammation. The aim of this narrative review is to report relationship between FeNO and the physiopathologic characteristics of asthmatic patients. Factors affecting FeNO levels have also been analysed as well as the impact of corticosteroid, target therapies and rehabilitation programs. Considering the availability of the test, spreading this method-ology to low income countries has also been considered as a possibility for evaluating airway inflammation and monitoring adherence to inhaled corticosteroid therapy. PubMed data search has been performed restricted to English language papers. Research was limited to studies in adults unless studies in children were the only ones reported for a particular issue. This revision could be useful to summarize the role of FeNO in relation to asthma charac-teristics and help in the use of FeNO in different clinical settings particularly in low income countries. (c) 2020 Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)44-58
    Number of pages15
    JournalPulmonology
    Volume28
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 5-Jan-2022

    Keywords

    • Airway inflammation
    • FeNO
    • Rehabilitation
    • Comorbidities
    • Therapy
    • EOSINOPHILIC AIRWAY INFLAMMATION
    • RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS
    • BLOOD EOSINOPHIL
    • SERUM PERIOSTIN
    • DOUBLE-BLIND
    • BRONCHIAL HYPERRESPONSIVENESS
    • SYSTEMIC INFLAMMATION
    • ECONOMIC-EVALUATION
    • SPUTUM EOSINOPHILS
    • ALLERGIC-ASTHMA

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