When an alternative fuel is introduced, the infrastructure through which that fuel is made available to the market is often underdeveloped. Transportation service providers relying on such infrastructures are unlikely to adopt alternative fuel vehicles as it may impose long detours for refueling. In this paper, we design and apply a new solution approach to derive minimum infrastructure requirements, in terms of the number of alternative fuel stations. The effectiveness of our approach is demonstrated by applying it to the case of introducing liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a transportation fuel in The Netherlands. From this case, we learn that, depending on the driving range of the LNG trucks and the size of area on which those trucks operate, a minimum of 5-12 LNG fuel stations is necessary to render LNG trucks economically and environmentally beneficial.
- Alternative refueling infrastructure
- Alternative fuel fleet operations
- Liquefied natural gas
- VEHICLE-ROUTING PROBLEM
- ELECTRIC VEHICLES
- TIME WINDOWS