A study on the effect of chemical composition on the microstructural characteristics and mechanical performance of DP1000 resistance spot welds

Ali Chabok, Ellen van der Aa, Yutao Pei*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper reports on the factors governing the mechanical properties of resistance spot welded hot dip galvanized DP1000 under tensile-shear and cross-tension loading. In particular the effects of chemical composition on the microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of DP1000 resistance spot welds are studied thoroughly, by comparison of a higher and lower carbon alloying approach. It is shown that DP1000 steel with higher carbon content attains a martensitic microstructure in the weld nugget with smaller prior austenite grains and finer block sizes. The intervariant boundary fraction analysis also reveals that DP1000 steel containing lower carbon content shows stronger variant selection as the fraction of variants belonging to the same Bain group is higher for this steel. Intervariant plane distribution also reveals that the most of intervariant boundaries for both steels terminated at or near {011} slip planes. Mechanical testing of the welds reveals that the steel with higher carbon content shows a better mechanical performance in tensile-shear test, whereas the DP steel with a lower carbon content exhibits higher maximum load of cross-tension test. The key factors controlling the mechanical response of resistance spot welds during two different mechanical tests are explored via nanoindentation, slit-milling method combined with digital image correlation and micro-cantilever bending. It is demonstrated that the strength and/or hardness of the weld nugget is the key parameter governing the tensile-shear strength of the spot welds, while the fracture toughness of the weld is the dominant parameter that determines the cross-tension strength.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139501
Number of pages13
JournalMaterials science and engineering a-Structural materials properties microstructure and processing
Publication statusPublished - 24-Jun-2020


  • Resistance spot welding
  • Nanoindentation
  • Micro-cantilever bending
  • Fracture toughness
  • Tensile-shear strength
  • Cross-tension strength

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