Chromosomal instability in colon tumors implies the presence of numerical and structural chromosome aberrations and is further characterized by the absence of microsatellite instability and the occurrence of KRAS and/or TP53 mutations. In a previous screening of 194 colon tumors for both microsatellite instability and TP53 mutation, we found 25 microsatellite-unstable tumors, in 9 (36%) of which, presumed to be chromosomally stable, there were TP53 mutations. This prompted us to investigate whether a TP53 mutation in these microsatellite-unstable tumors would be an indicator of chromosomal instability, that is, whether this would be a category of tumors showing both microsatellite and chromosomal instability. For chromosomal instability assessment, we performed array-comparative genomic hybridization analysis of tumor and control DNA extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-em bedded stage III colon tumor specimens. The array consisted of 435 subtelomere-specific BACs. We compared all but one (whose DNA was of bad quality) of the microsatellite-unstable TP53 mutation-containing tumors (8) with a similarly sized group of microsatellite-unstable tumors without TP53 mutation (11). Microsatellite-unstable tumors with a TP53 mutation showed on average 0.9 aberrations (range 0-3) when assessed with this array system. Those without a TP53 mutation showed on average 0.7 aberrations (range 0-2). Thus, microsatellite-unstable tumors showed few chromosomal abnormalities regardless of TP53 mutation status. Because, in our study, the microsatellite-stable tumors had on average 3.4 chromosomal abnormalities (range 0-7), a clear difference exists between microsatellite-unstable and -stable tumors. Because a substantial proportion of microsatellite-unstable colon tumors carry a TP53 mutation while showing relatively few chromosomal aberrations, a TP53 mutation in these tumors cannot be considered to be an indicator of chromosomal instability. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
- COMPARATIVE GENOMIC HYBRIDIZATION
- SPORADIC COLORECTAL-CANCER
- WILD-TYPE P53
- GENE AMPLIFICATION