A Suzuki Coupling Based Route to 2,2'-Bis(2-indenyl)biphenyl Derivatives

Edwin G. IJpeij, Felix H. Beijer, Henricus J. Arts, Claire Newton, Johannes G. de Vries, Gert-Jan M. Gruter

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Abstract

Because of the promising performance in olefin polymerization of 2,2'-bis(2-indenyldiyl)biphenyl zirconium dichloride, we developed a new and broadly applicable route to 2,2'-bis(2-indenyl)biphenyl derivatives. Reaction of the known 2,2'-diiodobiphenyl with the new 2-indenyl boronic acid did not result in the desired 2,2'-bis(2-indenyl)biphenyl (10); instead an isomer thereof, (spiro-1,1-(2,2'-biphenyl)-2-(2-indenyl)indane), was obtained. It was found that compound 10 could be made via a palladium-catalyzed reaction of 2,2-biphenyldiboronic acid with 2-bromoindene under standard Suzuki reaction conditions. However, the yield of this reaction was low at low palladium catalyst loadings, due to a competitive hydrolysis reaction of 2,2-biphenyldiboronic acid. HTE techniques were used to find an economically viable protocol. Thus, use of the commercially available 1.0 molar solution of (n-Bu)4NOH in methanol with cosolvent toluene led to precipitation of the pure product in a fast and clean reaction, using only 0.7 mol % (0.35 mol % per C-C) of the expensive palladium catalyst.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of Organic Chemistry
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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