A Systematic and Meta-Analytic Review of Identity Centrality among LGBTQ Groups: An Assessment of Psychosocial Correlates

Jordan D.X. Hinton, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Leah M. Kaufmann, Yasin Koc, Joel R. Anderson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
644 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The degree to which an identity is an important aspect of one’s self-concept (i.e., identity centrality) relates to both health and prejudice experiences of minority groups. Individuals with greater levels of identity centrality view their world through the lens of that identity. This allows them to engage in more positive identity-relevant experiences. However, it could also heighten their perceptions of in-group threat. Among LGBTQ groups, the relationship between identity centrality and psychosocial outcomes is yet to be established. In this paper, we investigated the relationship between LGBTQ identity centrality and psychosocial outcomes via a comprehensive systematic (k = 89, N = 35,950) and meta-analytic (k = 57, N = 26,704) literature review. Results indicated that greater levels of LGBTQ centrality relates to more positive identity-relevant affirmations (.155 ≤ r’s ≤.419), but also greater prejudice/discrimination perceptions and experiences (−.271 ≤ r’s ≤ −.128). We found no evidence of a relationship between LGBTQ centrality and health outcomes (−.052 ≤ r’s ≤.040). Importantly, we found that these relationships are more beneficial for some LGBTQ groups (gay men), than for others (bisexual/transgender individuals). Findings from this review provide important and necessary insights on the role of LGBTQ identity centrality and identify crucial gaps in the literature that should be addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)568-586
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Sex Research
Volume59
Issue number5
Early online date27-Aug-2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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