Objective: To evaluate and compare studies reporting the outcomes of the use of covered balloon-expandable (CBE) stents for the treatment of aortoiliac occlusive disease. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify studies that investigated the use of CBE stents for the treatment of aortoiliac occlusive disease and were published between 2000 and 2019. Baseline demographic data, procedural variables, and long-term outcomes were extracted from publications for analysis. Results: A total of 15 published articles about 14 studies were included in the review. Of these, eight studies were prospective clinical trials and six studies were retrospective real-world studies. The articles included data regarding five different CBE stents, namely, the iCast/Advanta V12, Viabahn VBX, BeGraft, LifeStream, and JOSTENT. Lesion severity was higher in real-world studies, with more TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus Classification class D lesions and a higher percentage of occlusions. All studies showed high rates of technical success and patency over the course of 12 months. Long-term data were only available for the iCast/Advanta V12 device, which had a primary patency rate of 74.7% at 5 years. Conclusions: CBE stents are a viable treatment option for patients with complex aortoiliac lesions because of their high rates of technical success and favorable patency across all devices at 12 months. However, long-term data are only available for a single device, the iCast/Advanta V12. The results of using this device were favorable over the course of 5 years.
- Aortoiliac occlusive disease
- Covered balloon-expandable stent
- iCast Advanta V12
- Viabahn VBX