Academic functioning and peer influences: A short-term longitudinal study of network-behavior dynamics in middle adolescence

J. Ashwin Rambaran*, Andrea Hopmeyer, David Schwartz, Christian Steglich, Daryaneh Badaly, Rene Veenstra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the associations between peer effects and academic functioning in middle adolescence (N = 342; 14-15 years old; 48% male) were investigated longitudinally. Similarity in achievement (grade point averages) and unexplained absences (truancy) was explained by both peer selection and peer influence, net of acceptance, and connectedness. Friendships were formed and maintained when adolescents had low levels of achievement or high levels of truancy. Friends influenced one another to increase rather than decrease in achievement and truancy. Moreover, friends' popularity moderated peer influences in truancy in reciprocal friendships but not in unilateral friendships, whereas friends' acceptance moderated peer influences in achievement in both unilateral and reciprocal friendships. The findings illustrate the dynamic interplay between peer effects and academic functioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-543
Number of pages21
JournalChild Development
Volume88
Issue number2
Early online date31-Aug-2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2017

Keywords

  • FRIENDSHIP NETWORKS
  • MORAL DISENGAGEMENT
  • SOCIAL-INFLUENCE
  • SELECTION
  • SCHOOL
  • POPULARITY
  • ADJUSTMENT
  • RISK
  • SOCIALIZATION
  • PERFORMANCE

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