Accuracy of fit analysis of the patient-specific Groningen temporomandibular joint prosthesis

B. J. Merema, J. Kraeima, M. J. H. Witjes, N. B. van Bakelen, F. K. L. Spijkervet*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Total joint replacement (TJR) with a prosthesis can be indicated for patients with severe temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. Surgical accuracy is necessary for correct translation of the preoperatively predicted functional outcome, wear, and biomechanical behaviour of the patient-specific TMJ-TJR prosthesis. This study describes the first clinical applications of the patient-specific TMJ-TJR prosthesis according to the Groningen principles (G-TMJ-TJR), which was developed and validated in a prior human cadaver test study. The aim of this study was to validate the accuracy of placement of the patient-specific G-TMJ-TJR in the clinical setting. It was hypothesized that a virtual surgical plan (VSP) combined with guided placement of the patient-specific G-TMJ-TJR would be performed as predictably and accurately as in the prior cadaver series. All patients who received a VSP-based patient-specific G-TMJ-TJR between December 2017 and March 2020 were included in this study. The accuracy analysis was based on postoperative cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data. All 11 prostheses could be inserted using routine pre-auricular and retromandibular surgical approaches. Analysis of the VSPs and postoperative CBCTs showed an average three-dimensional deviation of 1.07 mm (standard deviation 0.46 mm, range 0.33?1.91 mm) for all of the fossa and mandibular components. The patient-specific G-TMJ-TJR can be applied predictably and accurately in a clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-545
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number4
Early online date14-Sept-2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2021


  • TMJR
  • alloplastic
  • arthroplasty
  • 3D-VSP
  • guided surgery
  • custom
  • CAD
  • CAM
  • ankylosis

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