Acquisitions Entry Strategies in Africa: The Role of Institutions, Target Specific Experience, and Host Country Capabilities: The case acquisitions of Finnish multinationals in Africa: Special Issue on Cross-Border Acquisitions

Nnamdi Oguji*, Richard Owusu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Acquisition is an important entry strategy for multinational enterprises (MNEs) seeking to gain faster entry into new and emerging markets and remain competitive in the global marketplace. MNEs utilize partial-, staged-, and full-acquisition strategies when entering into foreign markets. This research analyzes how and why firms opt for these acquisition strategies in the context of Africa. The study applies institutional theory and explores constructs derived from the Uppsala internationalization process model. Using a case study of five Finnish acquisitions in Africa (Egypt, Morocco, Kenya, and South Africa), it was found that Finnish MNEs opt for partial acquisition rather than staged and full acquisition in the context of acquisitions made prior to late 1990s without earnout arrangements. Finnish MNEs opt for the choice of staged acquisition rather than partial and full acquisition in the contexts of mild regulatory framework in host countries and when the acquired firm business requires extensive improvements and the target host market structure is fragmented. Finnish MNEs opt for the choice of full acquisition rather than partial and staged acquisition in three contexts specifically: (1) when the acquiring Finnish MNE possesses host-country capability, target-specific experience, and ensures the retention of top management personnel of the acquired target; (2) when the size of the acquired target is relatively very small compared to the acquiring MNE; and (3) when the nature of the acquired firm business is well developed and the target host-market structure is consolidating
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-225
Number of pages16
JournalThunderbird International Business Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • acquisition strategies
  • staged acquisition
  • partial acquisition
  • target specific experience

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