Active control of parametrically excited systems

Maryam Ghandchi Tehrani*, Michał Krzysztof Kalkowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This article discusses active control of parametrically excited systems. Parametric resonance is observed in a wide range of applications and can lead to high levels of unwanted motion. For example, in cable-stayed bridges, the vibration of the deck excites the cables axially, inducing a periodically time-varying tension. If the frequency of deck vibration is about twice the natural frequency of the cable, a parametric resonance occurs and leads to a large-amplitude swinging motion of the cable. To tackle the consequences of parametric instability, active vibration control employing a piezoelectric actuator is proposed in this article. We consider a beam subjected to an axial harmonic load that represents a parametrically excited system with a periodically varying stiffness. Using both analytical and experimental methods, we assess the stability of the beam and propose active control aimed at relocating the transition curves and hence stabilising the system via velocity feedback and pole placement. Analytical relationship between the transition curves and the poles of the system is derived. Transition curves can be assigned to a prescribed location using appropriate velocity and displacement control gains. Finally, we demonstrate the proposed approach with experiments on a beam equipped with a macro fibre composite patch.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1218-1230
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May-2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Active vibration control
  • parametrically excited systems
  • pole placement


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