Active participation of patients with type 2 diabetes in consultations with their primary care practice nurses - what helps and what hinders: a qualitative study

E. du Pon*, A. T. Wildeboer, A. A. van Dooren, H. J. G. Bilo, N. Kleefstra, S. van Dulmen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Background Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) receiving primary care regularly visit their practice nurses (PNs). By actively participating during medical consultations, patients can better manage their disease, improving clinical outcomes and their quality of life. However, many patients with T2DM do not actively participate during medical consultations. To understand the factors affecting engagement of patients with T2DM, this study aimed to identify factors that help or hinder them from actively participating in consultations with their primary care PNs. Methods Two semi-structured focus groups and 12 semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with patients with T2DM (n = 20) who were undergoing treatment by primary care PNs. All interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using a two-step approach derived from the context-mapping framework. Results Four factors were found to help encourage patients to actively participate in their consultation: developing trusting relationships with their PNs, having enough time in the appointment, deliberately preparing for consultations, and allowing for the presence of a spouse. Conversely, four factors were found to hinder patients from participating during consultations: lacking the need or motivation to participate, readjusting to a new PN, forgetting to ask questions, and ineffectively expressing their thoughts. Conclusion Patients lacked the skills necessary to adequately prepare for a consultation and achieve an active role. In addition, patients' keen involvement appeared to benefit from a trusting relationship with their PNs. When active participation is impeded by barriers such as a lack of patient's skills, facilitators should be introduced at an early stage.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number814
    Number of pages11
    JournalBMC Health Services Research
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 8-Nov-2019


    • Patient participation
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Practice nurse
    • Diabetes care
    • Primary care
    • Patient-nurse communication
    • VIEWS
    • LIFE

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