Adiposity and High Blood Pressure during Childhood: A Prospective Analysis of the Role of Physical Activity Intensity and Sedentary Time in the GECKO Drenthe Cohort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

40 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Whereas in adults, physical inactivity is strongly related to obesity and hypertension, in young children the evidence is inconsistent and scarce. We examined the association between physical activity (PA) behaviours at 5-6 years of age and adiposity and blood pressure (BP) at 10-11 years in 947 children (51% boys) from the Groningen Expert Center for Kids with Obesity (GECKO) Drenthe cohort. Sedentary time (ST) and light, moderate, and vigorous PA were assessed using accelerometry (ActiGraph GT3X, wear time > 600 min/day, >= 3 days). Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and systolic and diastolic BP were measured at 5-6 and 10-11 years of age and standardized as age- and sex-adjusted (and height-adjusted, for BP) z-scores. Adjusted linear and logistic regression models showed that most PA behaviours were not related to standardized BMI or WC, overweightness/obesity, abdominal overweightness/obesity, standardized systolic or diastolic BP, pulse pressure, or prehypertension at 10-11 years of age. Only if children spent more time in vigorous PA was WC slightly lower (B (95% CI) = -0.08 (-0.16, -0.01) SD, std beta = -0.068) and the increase in WC over the years was less (B (95% CI) = -0.10 (-0.18, -0.01) SD; std beta = -0.083). To conclude, at this very young age, PA behaviours are not a strong predictor for overweightness/obesity or hypertension later in childhood.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9526
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2020

Keywords

  • adiposity
  • blood pressure
  • childhood obesity
  • physical exercise
  • sedentary time
  • BODY-MASS INDEX
  • CARDIOMETABOLIC RISK-FACTORS
  • LONGITUDINAL ASSOCIATIONS
  • PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN
  • FAT MASS
  • OBESITY
  • GROWTH
  • OVERWEIGHT
  • FITNESS
  • BMI

Cite this