Agriculture, development, and urban bias

Dirk Bezemer*, Derek Headey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

152 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Throughout history, agriculture-led development strategies with state support programs have been essential to achieving rapid economy-wide growth, poverty reduction, and structural transformation. Yet over the last three decades, the domestic and international policy environments have continued to discriminate against agricultural development in the poorest countries. This paper studies the causes and manifestations Of this "urban bias," including discrimination in domestic pricing policies and in the international trade regime. decreasing financial support from LDC governments and aid donors, and increasing neglect of agriculture in development theory and economic research. The authors conclude that urban bias remains a persistent and paramount obstacle to sustained growth and poverty reduction in the least developed countries. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1342-1364
Number of pages23
JournalWorld Development
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2008

Keywords

  • agricultural development
  • urban bias
  • agricultural policies
  • foreign aid
  • SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
  • ECONOMIC-DEVELOPMENT
  • INCOME DIVERSIFICATION
  • DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES
  • PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
  • LATIN-AMERICA
  • RURAL INDIA
  • PRO-POOR
  • POVERTY
  • WORLD

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