Airborne irritant contact dermatitis and conjunctivitis after occupational exposure to chlorothalonil in textiles

Gerda Lensen*, Frank Jungbauer, Margarida Goncalo, Pieter Jan Coenraads

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Chlorothalonil (tetrachloro-1,3-benzenedicarbonitrile, CAS 1897-45-6) is a pesticide that has been on the market for many years. It is used as a fungicide in agriculture, horticulture, and floriculture; as a wood preservative; and in paint. We report an epidemic of airborne irritant contact dermatitis, conjunctivitis, and upper airway complaints among seamstresses in a Portuguese trailer tent factory, which we attribute to chlorothalonil. All exposed workers had work-related skin symptoms. After patch testing, we showed that none of these were of allergic origin. Instead of allergic reactions, we noticed a delayed type of irritation after 72 hr to chlorothalonil and to the textile extracts containing high concentrations of chlorothalonil. Although allergic and irritant contact dermatitis from chlorothalonil has been described before, this is, as far as we know, the first time that a delayed type of dermatitis, conjunctivitis, and upper airway irritation after exposure to chlorothalonil in tent-cloth is described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalCONTACT DERMATITIS
Volume57
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • airborne irritant contact dermatitis
  • chlorothalonil
  • occupational exposure
  • fungicides
  • pesticides
  • tent
  • textile
  • SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE
  • TETRACHLOROISOPHTHALONITRILE
  • WORKERS
  • ASTHMA
  • PAINT

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