Algemene aspecten van tunnelgebruik en veiligheid

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This report gives an overview of literature on aspects of human behaviour in the use of (road) traffic tunnels, and the safety issues involved. The literature used may be divided in two groups: literature about the normal use of a tunnel and literature about in/accidents (and catastrophes). During normal tunnel use it is important that aspects for the optimal execution of the relevant tasks are taken care of. These tasks concern the driving task of road users, the supervisory
and control task for control room operators, and the maintenance and management tasks of the road administrators. In case of an in/accident it concerns behaviour of road users for that moment, and the behaviour of control room operators, road administrators and emergency services personnel
It became clear that:
1) a safe tunnel is a fairy tale, as is a safe car. Safety is a function of the interaction between all components and participants in the system – technically and especially human. This interaction may be optimised by various measures, but only when human behaviour is taken as a guideline.
2) the transition between task execution during normal and during extra-ordinary situations (in/accidents) is the essential issue when trying to make happen in these extra-ordinary situations the optimal to prevent or mitigate damage (in all meanings of the word). Here too all components and participants in the system are involved and are considered important.
Original languageDutch
Place of PublicationGroningen
Number of pages72
ISBN (Print)90-6807-358-3
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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