ALTERED MRP IS ASSOCIATED WITH MULTIDRUG-RESISTANCE AND REDUCED DRUG ACCUMULATION IN HUMAN SW-1573 CELLS

EWHM EIJDEMS, GJR ZAMAN, M DEHAAS, CHM VERSANTVOORT, MJ FLENS, RJ SCHEPER, E KAMST, P BORST, F BAAS

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    Abstract

    We have analysed the contribution of several parameters, e.g. drug accumulation, MDR1 P-glycoprotein (P-gp), multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) and topoisomerase (topo) II, to drug resistance in a large set of drug-resistant variants of the human non-small-cell lung cancer cell line SW-1573 derived by selection with low concentrations of doxorubicin or vincristine. Selection with either drug nearly always resulted in MDR clones. The resistance of these clones could be explained by reduced drug accumulation and was associated with a decrease rather than an increase in the low MDR1 mRNA level. To test whether a decrease in MDR1 mRNA indirectly affected resistance in these cells, we introduced a MDR1-specific hammerhead ribozyme into wild-type SW-1573 cells. Although this led to a substantial reduction in MDR1 mRNA, it did not result in resistance. Tn all resistant clones we found an altered form of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), migrating slightly slower during SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis than MRP in parental cells. This altered MRP was also present in non-P-gp MDR somatic cell hybrids of the SW-1573 cells, demonstrating a clear linkage with the MDR phenotype. Treatment of crude cellular membrane fractions with N-glycanase, endoglycosidase H or neuraminidase showed that the altered migration of MRP on SDS-PAGE is due to a post-translational modification. There was no detectable difference in sialic acid content. In most but not all doxorubicin-selected clones, this MDR phenotype was accompanied by a reduction in topo II alpha mRNA level. No reduction was found in the clones selected with vincristine. We conclude from these results that selection of the SW-1573 cell line for low levels of doxorubicin or vincristine resistance, predominantly results in MDR with reduced drug accumulation associated with the presence of an altered MRP protein. This mechanism can be accompanied by other resistance mechanisms, such as reduced topo II alpha mRNA in case of doxorubicin selection.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)298-306
    Number of pages9
    JournalBritish Jounal of Cancer
    Volume72
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Aug-1995

    Keywords

    • MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE
    • POSTTRANSCRIPTIONAL MODIFICATION
    • MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN
    • REDUCED DRUG ACCUMULATION
    • P-GLYCOPROTEIN EXPRESSION
    • BETA-INTERFERON GENE
    • TOPOISOMERASE-II
    • TRANSPORTER
    • LINES
    • DNA
    • DAUNORUBICIN
    • LOCALIZATION

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